The Washington Post announced: There is a split among American officials over the sanctions on Honor

The Washington Post announced: There is a split among American officials over the sanctions on Honor

The Washington Post announced: There is a split among American officials over the sanctions on Honor

News unit It was mid-May 2020 when the US Department of Commerce , based on policies that deemed Huawei a threat to US national security, new bans against the The company approved, according to which the sale of chips made with American technology to Huawei was subject to obtaining a license from the United States government. Following these pressures, finally, after 6 months, the Huawei company due to the inability to supply parts and manage Honor, this production unit

According to the news on Sunday, September 19, 2021 (28 Shahrivar 1400) from the Washington Post Published, key security agencies in the US are still undecided about putting Honor have not reached a single vote in the black list of the Ministry of Commerce of this country. This shows that the debates raised during the Trump era regarding the quality of business relations with Chinese technology companies continue in the Biden administration.

Before proceeding further, it is not a bad idea to take a look at the nature of the US Department of Commerce blacklist. Any company on this list is prohibited from doing business with other US companies unless it has permission from the US government to do so. Even when a sanctioned company is allowed to work with the US side, there will be restrictions. For example, currently Huawei – which is on the blacklist of the US Department of Commerce – is making phones P50 series from Qualcomm’s latest chip, i.e. Snapdragon 888 uses , but despite this chip supporting 5G technology, P50 series phones are limited to 4G.

During the meeting that was held last week with the presence of representatives of four institutions responsible for making such decisions, the members could not agree on whether Honor should also be included in the sanctions list of the Ministry of Commerce or not. . What is in dispute is whether Honor is considered a threat to US national security (like Huawei). US Energy wants to put Honor on the sanctions list, but officials at the Department of Commerce and the Department of State America is against this. According to informed sources, this issue has been referred to the political officials assigned to these four security institutions for review. If the talks between these people reach a dead end on Honor’s case, the cabinet ministers will undertake the task of investigating this issue. If there is no result at the cabinet level, Biden himself will make the final decision.

How the US government interacts with Huawei (the world’s largest telecommunications equipment manufacturer) is a politicized issue. Is. In 2019, Trump placed Huawei on the Commerce Department’s sanctions list under the pretext of spying for the Chinese government and threatening US national security. Following this, the Canadian government arrested Meng Wanzhou, the daughter of the Huawei founder, on a US warrant on wiretapping and bank fraud charges. Now, the United States is seeking to extradite Meng Wanzhou, and this has created tensions between these three countries.

The United States authorities have considered Huawei’s comprehensive entry into the global market of 5G telecommunication equipment as a threat to its national security and have warned that Chinese government officials can easily use this equipment to spy or interfere in communications. to cause disturbance; A claim that Huawei and the Chinese government have always denied.

Considering that the US Department of Commerce chairs the initial decision-making committee on Honor’s blacklisting, the Departments of Defense, Energy, and Foreign Affairs also referred their questions in this regard to the Department of Commerce. Of course, the officials of the Ministry of Commerce also refused to comment on the details and say that the Ministry of Commerce and other institutions have always been reviewing a set of factors. The risk of Honor’s diversion or the possibility that the said company will illegally transfer American technology to a sanctioned entity are among these factors.

We are committed to using a full range of tools, including … export controls, to thwart efforts by [the People’s Republic of China] and “Other countries … are seeking to maximize the use of technology in ways that threaten US national security and foreign policy interests.”

American lawmakers intend to slow China’s acceleration in the technology sector by pressuring the Biden administration to use export controls. In the meantime, according to some analysts, such efforts will not go anywhere without extensive support from foreign partners. It is not bad to know, the technology sector of the United States has also warned that further strictures in the field of export control may harm the American industry.

In August, more than a dozen Republican lawmakers wrote a letter to Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo, arguing that Huawei’s divestment of Honor has led to “evasion of export controls.” Honor was blacklisted by the Ministry of Commerce. In the content of the mentioned letter, the representatives emphasized that just as there were concerns in the past regarding the export of technology to Honor (which was part of Huawei), the same concerns should be raised regarding the new ownership structure of Honor (which has the support of the Chinese government). is) also exist. According to these representatives, China’s new one-party economy can bypass US sanctions if it slows down and focuses solely on individual entities rather than networks and ecosystems.

Paul Triolo, who is the head of global technology policy at Eurasia Group, believes that Honor’s smartphone production cannot be considered a threat to national security. According to him, the smartphone is not a nuclear material or piece. After all, Honor smartphones are not sold in the US.

George Zhao, who previously headed Huawei’s Honor division, took over the title of CEO of the newly independent brand after Honor was divested. According to Chinese news agencies, some other Huawei executives and engineers also joined Honor.

Before the imposition of US sanctions against Huawei, this Chinese company was one of the largest buyers of American semiconductor components. Therefore, after the imposition of sanctions, the American chipset manufacturing companies lost a significant part of their market, and for this reason, they requested the Trump administration to reduce the severity of the sanctions.

Soon after Honor was handed over by Huawei, several American companies tried to sell chips to the newly independent Honor brand. For example, the American company Qualcomm provides the chips needed to produce 3 new Honor smartphones, including the advanced chip that is currently used in the production of Honor’s new 5th generation smartphones. Last month, Honor announced that the company was looking to quickly re-establish strategic partnerships with some of the world’s top suppliers and plans to quickly regain Huawei’s lost global market share.

The reasoning of American companies when they requested the Trump administration was that these companies should be allowed to sell chips and other parts needed for smartphones and laptops made by Huawei – which do not pose a threat to American security. Of course, it should be noted that in their statements, US officials have mainly expressed concern about the security risk of Huawei’s telecommunication equipment, not about smartphones manufactured by this company. Despite all this, the Biden administration has not taken any steps to remove Huawei from the US Commerce Department’s blacklist.

Derek Scissors, a China expert at the conservative American Enterprise Institute, blamed Congress for being overly sensitive to Huawei, saying the Huawei issue is “between 10 and even between There are no 20 important issues in China-US political relations. Of course, he agreed with Honor being blacklisted by the US Department of Commerce and in justifying his position, he stated that Honor has a history of belonging to an undesirable element.

But some experts disagreed with this opinion and believe that this is not a convincing reason to boycott Honor. Apparently, some have accused Honor of illegally transferring American chips to Huawei, or claim that the purchase of chips by Honor was made with Huawei’s money. is done. But considering that no reliable evidence has been presented to prove these accusations, there will be no reason to sanction Honor. It should be noted that after handing over Honor, Huawei announced that it no longer has any shares in Honor and will not interfere in Honor’s business management and decisions.

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