Introducing the Kirin 9000 series of chipsets – the first 5nm chips with an integrated 5G modem

Introducing the Kirin 9000 series of chipsets – the first 5nm chips with an integrated 5G modem

Introducing the Kirin 9000 series of chipsets – the first 5nm chips with an integrated 5G modem

News unit Simultaneously with the introduction of the flagships of the Mate 40, Huawei from the new series of chipsets It also unveiled its flagship Kirin 9000 and Kirin 9000E. 5 nm lithography is one of the most important features of these chips, which will bring better performance, lower consumption and longer battery life. Another point is the integrated 5G modem of these chipsets, which makes them the first 5nm chips with an integrated 5G modem. It should be noted that Mate 40 Pro smartphones and its Plus version use the powerful Kirin 9000 chip. The Kirin 9000E chipset – which is slightly lower than the Kirin 9000 in terms of graphics and artificial intelligence – is also used in the Mate 40.

As mentioned, TSMC’s 5nm lithography is one of the most important features of the Kirin 9000 and Kirin 9000E chips. Currently, most of the famous brands have switched to 5nm chips. Apple in the A14 chipset (used in iPhone 12) from this chipset and used by Samsung in its future mid-range chip Exynos 1080 He will use the same lithography. Qualcomm’s flagship chip – which will soon hit the market – is also expected to be made with the same lithography.

Although Huawei in the introduction The new chipsets themselves did not mention their download and upload speeds, but we do know the modem used in their construction – that is Balong 5000 – It supports a speed of 6.5 Gbit/s when multiple operators are aggregated. According to Huawei’s claim, this modem is up to 5 times faster in terms of upload speed and 2 times faster in terms of download speed than Snapdragon X55 modem (Qualcomm product). Of course, this claim cannot be accepted 100% until the new Huawei flagships are released.

8-core Kirin 9000 and 9000E chipsets, from a single-core cluster (including a large 3.13 GHz Cortex-A77 core), a 3-core cluster (including 3 medium 2.54 GHz Cortex-A77 cores) and A 4-core cluster (with 4 small 2.05 GHz Cortex-A55 cores) is formed. Considering that the clock speed of the large core of these chips is slightly higher than the clock speed of the large core of Snapdragon 865 Plus (3.1 GHz), it can be said that Kirin 9000 and 9000E currently have the highest core frequency among all available mobile processors.

As you can see, Huawei’s new generation of ARM processors – i.e. Cortex-A78 – ignores and continues to use its older generation – i.e. Cortex-A77 – insists. Of course, this is not a new phenomenon and last year in the production of chips Kirin 990 instead of using Cortex-A77 processors, used the older generation of ARM processors, i.e. Cortex-A76. Huawei’s argument at that time was that the Cortex-A77 architecture is more suitable for 5nm chips, and therefore it produced the 7nm Kirin 990 chip with the same Cortex-A76 architecture (in powerful clusters). Although this argument is not very convincing, maybe Jandan is not unreasonable either.

In general, the performance of Huawei in the last two years shows that this company is always one year behind the ARM CPU model. But the performance of Huawei chips cannot be questioned just because of the use of the previous generation ARM processor model. According to this company, Kirin 9000 and 9000E chipsets are up to 10% better than Snapdragon 865 Plus are placed. Of course, we emphasize again that these statistics and figures are not completely reliable until they have been tested in the real world.

In terms of Huawei’s graphics processing, the latest ARM graphics model is Mali-G78 is supported, which is implemented in the Kirin 9000 chipset with a 24-core configuration and in the 9000E with a 22-core configuration. As such, the 24-core Mali-G78 is the most powerful GPU ever used in any Huawei device. This powerful processor, along with the audio-visual capabilities of this chip, promises a great gaming experience. Due to the 50% increase in the number of GPU cores compared to the Mali-G76 in the Kirin 990, the performance of this new GPU has been improved by 60% compared to the Mali-G76. Apparently, Huawei has strongly insisted on comparing its products with Qualcomm, and here it has also pointed out that according to the score obtained in the GFXBench benchmark, Huawei’s new chips perform up to 52% better than Snapdragon 865 Plus in terms of graphics. In this case, we have to wait for the release of Mate 40 series flagships in order to prove the truth of Huawei’s claim.

The Neural Processing Unit (NPU) in Kirin 9000 has 2 large cores and 1 small core, and in Kirin 9000E it includes 1 large core and 1 small core. Thanks to these NPUs, Huawei claims the AI ​​processing power in its new chips is 2.4 times that of Qualcomm’s best chip. Of course, it should be noted that the performance of artificial intelligence depends to a large extent on the amount of work and comparisons cannot be trusted.

Another important point is that Huawei has used 6th generation 4-core ISPs in the construction of Kirin 9000 and 9000E. According to the manufacturer, the operating power in this ISP (video signal processor) is 50% more than its previous generation and can reduce video noise by 48% better. This new ISP is said to be able to enhance HDR in photography and video.

Huawei’s new chipsets contain more than 15.3 billion transistors (that is, 30% denser than Apple’s A14, which has 11.8 billion transistors). In this way, Kirin 9000 and 9000E are the first chips in the world to break the record of 15 billion transistors and claim the title of the densest 5th generation chip in the world to date. Support for LPDDR5/4x RAM memory, UFS internal memory, HiFi sound quality and 4K HDR video recording are among the other features of Kirin 9000 and 9000E chips.

In general, according to Huawei’s claims, the Kirin 9000 chip is up to 25% better in terms of CPU energy consumption, up to 150% in terms of NPU energy consumption, and up to 50% in terms of GPU energy consumption compared to Snapdragon 865 Plus. Is. But we have to remember that Snapdragon 865 Plus is a 7nm chip and its comparison with Huawei’s new chips – which are produced with 5nm lithography – is not very fair. It should be noted that Qualcomm’s new flagship chips will be introduced in December 2020, and like Huawei’s new chipsets, they will use 5nm lithography.

The Kirin 9000 and 9000E chips have a very bright track record on paper, but the downside is that according to US sanctions against Huawei, the Taiwanese company TSMC has not been able to produce these chips for Huawei since mid-September 2020, and it is said that Huawei has only received between 3 and 5 million pieces of these chips from TSMC. . This, along with other restrictions of Huawei (such as exclusion from Google’s mobile services) can lead to unfavorable results for this Chinese giant.


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