Intel is building a half billion dollar supercomputer in collaboration with Cray
Maybe all of us, looking at the capabilities of our smartphone, imagine that a supercomputer is always next to us; While real supercomputers work far beyond our imaginations. Intel in collaboration with Cray is planning to make one of the biggest investments in history to build a super-professional example of supercomputers. The cost of the product of the cooperation of these two companies will be about 500 million dollars and will be ready in 2021. The construction of the new computer will be commissioned by the US Department of Energy.
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New supercomputer production program Intel is known as Aurora, and its goal is to run a system at the scale and power of exaFLOPS at Argonne National Laboratory. To describe the power of the said supercomputer, they use the term Exascale, which appears for the first time in supercomputers. In that term, the prefix exa has been used to mean the ability to calculate one quintillion (one billion billion) operations.
To compare the power of this supercomputer, you should know that the processor of the most powerful personal computers has a capacity of about 100 gigaflops. Every 1,000 gigaflops is considered a teraflop. Thus, 1,000 teraflops equals one petaflops and 1,000 petaflops equals one exaflops. As a result, despite all the advancements in the hardware world that bring powerful smartphones and laptops to market, there is still a long way to go before true supercomputers.
Summit (Summit) which Currently, its maximum processing power is estimated at 200 petaflops.
Now the question arises: “What applications will this amount of processing power be used for?” “Aren’t petaflops enough to do them?” The answer will definitely be “no”. One of the issues that recently showed the limitations of computers in calculations was the investigation of the influence of weather conditions on the formation of clouds and future systems. Computations require such powerful processing resources to handle the myriad variables of the problem.
Imagine the motion of a ball on the ground. simulate We definitely do not need a lot of processing power. Now, if we want to examine each of its molecules, the task becomes more difficult. Their relationship with each other, gravity, air pressure and other forces, definitely multiplies the difficulties of the problem. Now imagine the collision of two stars is simulated. The difficulty of the problem will be much greater.
With the increase of processing resources, the ability to solve problems will also increase; As a result, more problems in the world will be solved. In his news conference about the new supercomputer, Intel mentioned the same issues: developing cosmic modeling with very large dimensions and discovering new approaches to predict the response to drugs and discovering new materials for making high-efficiency solar cells.
Intel It claims the Aurora will be the first Exascale computer in the United States. This achievement is very important for Americans; But China says it will achieve that technology a year earlier. The Chinese claim cannot be underestimated; Because until today, the samples they made are among the fastest supercomputers.
The US National Laboratory has published a list of upcoming research to help the Aurora computer, which is at this link you can view them.