Comparison of Intel 10th generation processors: Comet Lake or Ice Lake?


Comparison of Intel 10th generation processors: Comet Lake or Ice Lake?

Comparison of Intel 10th generation processors: Comet Lake or Ice Lake?

The intense competition between Intel and AMD has become more interesting than ever this year. AMD’s presentation of powerful Ryzen 3000 series processors in 2019 has lit a fire in Intel’s house like we have never seen before. In order to stay ahead of the competition, Intel has prepared two series of new processors for release next year: “Ice Lake” and “Comet Lake”. Currently only mobile phone or models Laptop These processors have been introduced, and in this order, it is still not possible to buy 10th generation Intel processors for use in a personal computer. The introduced processors are going to launch a new wave of different laptops on the market, that’s why it is important to know the difference between these processors and compare their specifications with each other. In summary, the current Intel laptop processors are as follows: Kaby Lake: 14 nm, code name beginning with the number 7 Kafi Lake: 14 nm, code name beginning 8

  • Whiskey Lake: 14nm, codename beginning with 8
  • Icelake: 10nm, codename beginning with 10, equipped with the most powerful GPU made by Intel
  • Comet Lake: 14 nm, the code name starts with the number 10
  • market entry and price

    laptops with Ice Lake processor Lake) have entered the market since the end of the summer of this year, and Intel’s plan is that by the end of 2019, 35 types of laptops with this processor will be on the market. The focus of current laptops is on the Y and U series, which are low-end processors. Of course, some processors with more powerful specifications have also been introduced, which may be used in more expensive laptops along with other equipment. Intel doesn’t plan to introduce its 10nm processors to PCs until 2021 or even 2022, so we don’t expect to see PCs equipped with these processors until two years later.

    But the other category of processors, Comet Lake (Comet Lake) are supposed to arrive by the end of the year. Intel promises that at least 85 laptops will be introduced with these processors. Comet Lake processors, like Ice Lake, have been introduced only in two U and Y series, and therefore their prices are expected to be affordable, although more powerful and more expensive models will certainly be present among them.

    Desktop processors are expected. Comet Lake will be introduced earlier than Ice Lake before 2020 and will probably be released in the first half of 2020. Comet Lake is supposed to replace Intel’s 9th generation processors, i.e. Coffee Lake, so we expect the various processors of this series to cover the price range of $100 to $500.

    Architecture

    These two series of processors have been introduced by Intel almost simultaneously with a small time difference and used in laptops, so that in many cases they may compete with each other. But it is interesting to know that Ice Lake and Comet Lake have two completely different architectures and the technologies used in them are very different from each other.

    Ice Lake is the first commercial Intel processor with 10nm architecture, which after 5 years of efforts by this company to use smaller transistors, they are finally released to the market . The Sunny Cove architecture used in these processors supports new instructions that can significantly increase the speed of program execution with the parallel execution technique. In addition, in the new architecture, the access delay to the stack memory (catch) has been significantly reduced and the design of this memory has also been strengthened. These things, along with the smaller transistors in Intel’s new technology, have caused these processors to get a much better score in both single-core and multi-core efficiency results than Whiskey Lake’s 8th series laptop processors.

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    Ice Lake is also the 11th generation of Iris Plus graphics processors It also introduced Intel, which has significantly improved the efficiency of 3D processing compared to the 9th generation, such as UHD 620. This processor also supports memory with a higher speed of 3,733 MHz without overclocking.

    In the case of Comet Lake, the situation is different. This category uses the same 14nm technology that was introduced in Intel’s Skylake processors since 2015. Of course, this does not mean that this category does not improve compared to the previous generations, but like every year, the Comet Lake category has improved compared to its previous generations. , Wi-Fi 6, Bluetooth 5 and USB 2.3 have benefited.

    Laptop processors

    In terms of laptops, both categories of Comet Lake and Ice Lake processors were officially and directly introduced by Intel itself. So, while the desktop processors of this generation will be released a year or two later, Intel plans to sell Ice Lake at the same time as Comet Lake in various laptops that will be introduced before the end of 2019.

    Comet Lake U-series

    Cores/Threads

    TDP Boost clock (all-core) Boost clock (single-core) Base clock Cache Graphics (execution units)
    15w/25w 1.15GHz 4.7GHz 1 .1GHz 12MB 24 6/12 Intel Core i7-10710U
    15w/25w 1.15GHz 4.9GHz 1.8GHz 8MB 24 4/8 Intel Core i7-10510U
    15w/25w 1.10GHz 4.2GHz 1.6GHz 6MB 24 4/8 weight:400″>Intel Core i5-10210U
    15w/25w 1.00GHz 4.1GHz 2.1GHz 4MB 24 2/4 Intel Core i3-10110U

    Comet Lake Y-series

    TDP Boost clock (all -core) Boost clock (single-core) Base clock Cache weight:400″>Graphics (execution units) Cores/Threads 4.5w/7w/9w 3.5GHz 4.5GHz 1.2GHz 8MB 24 4/8 Intel Core i7-10510Y 5.5w/7w/9w 2.7GHz 4.1GHz 1.1GHz 6MB 24 4/8 Intel Core i5-10310Y 4.5w/7w/9w 2.8GHz 4.0GHz 1.0GHz 6MB 24 4/8 Intel Core i5-10210Y 5.5w/7w /9w 3.7GHz 4.0GHz 1.0GHz 4MB 24 2/4 Intel Core i3-10110Y

    The main difference of Comet Lake compared to previous generations is the number of cores and higher clock speed, while Ice Lake processors have fundamental differences compared to Comet Lake and its previous generations. have. The following tables show all the Ice Lake processors that have been introduced so far.

    Ice Lake U-series

    TDP Graphics boost clock Boost clock (all-core) Boost clock (single-core) Base clock Cache Graphics (execution units) Cores/Threads
    28w 1.1GHz 3.6GHz 4.1GHz 2.3GHz 8MB Iris Plus (64) 4/8
    15w/25w 1.1GHz 3.5GHz 3.9GHz 1.3GHz 8MB Iris Plus (64) 4/8 Intel Core i7-1065G7
    15w/25w 1.05GHz 3.3GHz 3.7GHz 1.2GHz 6MB Iris Plus (64) 4 /8 Intel Core i5-1035G7
    15w/25w 1.05GHz 3.3GHz 3.7GHz 1.1GHz 6MB Iris Plus (64) 4/8 Intel Core i5-1035G4
    15w/25w 1.05GHz 3.3GHz 3.6GHz 1.0GHz 6MB UHD (32) 4/ 8 Intel Core i5-1035G1
    15w/25w 0.9GHz 3.4GHz 3.4GHz 1.2GHz 4MB UHD (32) 2/4 Intel Core i3-1005G1

    Ice Lake Y-Series

    TDP

    Graphics boost clock Boost clock (all-core) Boost clock (single-core) Base clock Cache Graphics (execution units) Cores/Threads
    9w/12w 1.1GHz 3.4GHz 3.8GHz 1.0GHz 8MB Iris Plus (64) 4 /8 Intel Core i7-1060G7
    9w/12w 1.05GHz 3.2GHz 3.5GHz 0.8GHz 6MB Iris Plus (64) 4/8 Intel Core i5-1030G7
    9w/12w 1.05GHz 3.2GHz 3.5GHz 0.7GHz 6MB Iris Plus (48) 4/8 Intel Core i5-1030G4
    9 w/12w 0.9GHz 3.2GHz 3.2GHz 1.1GHz 4MB Iris Plus (48) 2/4 Intel Core i3-1000G4
    9w/12w 0.9GHz 3.2GHz 3.2GHz 1.1GHz 4MB UHD (32) 2/4 Intel Core i3-1000G1

    Apart from smaller transistors and architectural changes, there are other differences in this Intel processor class that make them more competitive in some scenarios. Ice Lake chips have GPUs with much more execution units, which puts them in a far better position to run games without the need for a separate GPU. Once again, it highlights the problem of Intel (as well as AMD) in raising the working frequency of processors based on 10 nm technology. This is where the competition gets closer. On the one hand, Comet Lake processors can handle heavier tasks better with a higher operating frequency, but on the other hand, the improvement in IPC (Instruction Per Clock) of Ice Lake processors gives them the advantage to have higher efficiency at a lower operating frequency. Here is that we have to wait to practically test and compare the performance of each of the processors in various conditions and tasks. Leak and Comet Leak have not happened. Taking into account that the desktop Ice Lake processors will probably not be released for another year or two, we do not expect to hear news about them at least for now. On the other hand, news about Comet Lake desktop processors has been leaked. That gives us an idea of ​​what will be offered.

    This placement includes 4-core chips with a slightly improved UHD processor and a low operating frequency of 4 GHz to 10-core chips without a graphics processor and an increased operating frequency of up to 2.5 GHz. Other reports have also been received in which it is mentioned that some processors may have a TDP of up to 125 watts, which means they need advanced cooling.

    >

    • Intel’s 7nm chip will not be introduced until 2021
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    These reports have also raised the possibility of the return of Hyperthreading technology for Core i7 and even Core i5 processors. In this way, the capabilities of these processors in the execution of multi-threaded tasks will be seriously improved, and Intel can hope to have something to say in the competition with AMD’s third generation processors. The desktop PCs to come are expected to benefit from 10nm+ technology and the SunnyCoo architecture, offering significant improvements in instruction per clock (IPC) performance as well as higher core counts than Comet Lake. As we have seen before in Ice Lake laptop processors as well as AMD 3000 series, the expectation of high working frequency will be unattainable in 10 nm processors and less.

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